The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is located between 23 and 37 degrees
N and 61 and 76 degrees E. The country borders on India in the east, Iran
on the west, Afghanistan and China in the northwest and the Arabian Sea
in the south. The Himalaya and Karakoram mountains and the deserts of
Sind and Baluchistan are among the principal physical features. The country
is watered by the Indus.
Bangladesh was separated from Pakistan in 1971.
The Indus Water Treaty was signed with India in 1960 making possible the
construction of the Mangla Dam on the Jhelum and the Tarbela Dam on the
Indus which has enabled Pakistan to extend its irrigation over a considerable
Urdu is the national language. Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto and Baluchi dialects
are among the major languages spoken.
Mohenjo-daro, home of the Indus Civilization, Taxila, the ancient Bactrian
and Kushan seat of learning, the Red Fort at Lahore, and the famous Khyber
Pass are major places of tourist interest.