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The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is located between 23 and 37 degrees N and 61 and 76 degrees E. The country borders on India in the east, Iran on the west, Afghanistan and China in the northwest and the Arabian Sea in the south. The Himalaya and Karakoram mountains and the deserts of Sind and Baluchistan are among the principal physical features. The country is watered by the Indus.

Special Features

Bangladesh was separated from Pakistan in 1971.

The Indus Water Treaty was signed with India in 1960 making possible the construction of the Mangla Dam on the Jhelum and the Tarbela Dam on the Indus which has enabled Pakistan to extend its irrigation over a considerable area.

Urdu is the national language. Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto and Baluchi dialects are among the major languages spoken.
Mohenjo-daro, home of the Indus Civilization, Taxila, the ancient Bactrian and Kushan seat of learning, the Red Fort at Lahore, and the famous Khyber Pass are major places of tourist interest.

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