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The economy was primarily agricultural at the time of Independence, but has now diversified. Agriculture, although still the most important sector, now contributes less than one-fourth of the GNP, while manufacturing provides almost one-fifth. GNP has increased at an average rate of more than 5 percent a year since independence but has slowed down in recent years. Remittances from migrant workers in the Gulf make a significant contribution to the country's foreign exchange earnings. At the same time, there has been a relentless increase in population. Hence, despite real growth in the economy, output per capita has risen slowly.
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