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  Kingdom of Nepal - Statistical Profile
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Total Population (2001) 23,453,019
Population Growth rate (2000) 2.43%
Birth Rate (1999 est.) 34.1 births/1,000 population
Death Rate (1993 est.) 10.3 deaths/1,000 population
Literacy Rate 65.38 %
Male 11,714,949
Female 11,738,070
Sex Ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.99 male(s)/female (1998 est.)
Major demographic parameters 2000
Total fertility rate 4.3 per 1000 population
Infant mortality rate 64.1 per 1,000 population
Crude Birth Rate 33.58 per 1000 population
Crude Death Rate 9.96 per 1000 population
Physical Division Altitude Range
Himalayan Region 16000 – 29028 ft. (8848m.)
Sub-Himalayan Region 6000 – 16000 ft. (1828-4876m.)
Valley Basin 900 – 2000 ft. (274-609m.)
Low Plain Region 300 – 900 ft. (91-274 m.)
Natural Resources Quartz, water, timber, hydropower potential, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Irrigated land 1040621 area in Hectare (1997 est.)
Natural hazards Severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides and drought depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
Environment—International agreements Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Environment—Current issues The almost total dependence on wood for fuel and cutting down trees to expand agricultural land without replanting has resulted in widespread deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution (use of contaminated water presents human health risks)
Geography—Note Landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks
Elevation Extremes
Lowest Point Kanchan Kalan 70 m.
Highest Point Mt. Everest 8,848 m.
Land use
Arable land 17%
Permanent crops 0%
Permanent pastures 15%
Forests and woodland 42%
Other 26% (1993 est.)
Fiscal year 16 July—15 July
Purchasing power parity $31.1 billion (1997 est.)
Real Growth Rate 4.2% (1997 est.)
Per Capita: Purchasing power parity $1,370 (1997 est.)
Composition by sector Agriculture: 40%
Industry: 21%
Services: 39% (1997 est.)
Inflation rate Consumer price index: 7.5% (1997 est.)
Electricity consumption 1113579 MWh (1998/99)
Labor force
By occupation
10 million (1996 est.)
agriculture 81%, services 16%, industry 3%
Unemployment rate 1.8% ( Population aged 15 years and over) 1998/99
Industries Tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarette; cement and brick production
Maximum Power Demand 326410 kW (1998/99)
Electricity production and import 1457971 MWh (1998/99)
Ethnic groups Newars, Indians, Tibetans, Gurungs, Magars, Tamangs, Bhotias, Rais, Limbus, Sherpas
Religions Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim, Jain, Christian, Kirati, others
Languages Nepali (official), 20 other languages divided into numerous dialects
Literacy 45% (population aged 15 years and over.) for the year 1998/1999
Country Data code NP
Government type Parliamentary democracy as of 12 May 1991
Independence 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan Shah)
Constitution 9 November 1990
Legal system Based on Hindu legal concepts and English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Cabinet Cabinet appointed by the king on the recommendation of the prime minister
Elections The king is a constitutional monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the king
Legislative branch Bicameral Parliament consists of the National Council (60 seats; 35 appointed by the House of Representatives, 10 by the king, and 15 elected by an electoral college; one-third of the members elected every two years to serve six-year terms) and the House of Representatives (205 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
International organisation participation AsDB, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFCTU, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIBH, UNMOP, UNPREDEP, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)
Flag description Red with a blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles; the smaller, upper triangle bears a white stylized moon and the larger, lower triangle bears a white 12-pointed sun

Statistical Pocket Book, Central Bureau of statistics, 2000
District Development Profile of Nepal, Informail Sector Research and Study Centre,2001

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