Bangladesh, in full, People's Republic of Bangladesh, republic
of southern Asia, in the northeastern portion of the Indian subcontinent,
bordered on the west, north, and east by India, on the southeast by Burma
(Myanmar), and on the south by the Bay of Bengal. The area of the country
is 143,998 sq km (55,598 sq mi). The capital and largest city of Bangladesh
is Dhaka. Geographically, historically, and culturally, Bangladesh forms
the larger and more populous part of Bengal, the remainder of which constitutes
the neighbouring Indian State of West Bengal. From 1947 to 1971 the region
of Bangladesh was a province of Pakistan. As such, its official designation
was changed from East Bengal to East Pakistan in 1955. On March 26, 1971,
leaders of East Pakistan declared the region independent as Bangladesh
(Bengali for "Bengal nation"), and its independence was assured
on December 16, 1971, when Pakistani troops in the region surrendered
to a joint force of Bangladeshi and Indian troops.
President: Professor Dr. Iajuddin Ahmed
Prime Minister: Begum Khaleda Zia
Speaker of Jatiya Shangshad: Barrister Muhammad Jamiruddin Sircar
Government: The ruling coalition is led by the BNP with support
from the Jamaat-e-Islami and other religious parties.
Judiciary: The Supreme Court is the apex judicial body. The President
appoints the Chief Justice and other judges. The Supreme Judicial Council
consists of the Chief Justice and the next two senior Judges of the Supreme
Court. The Supreme Court has an Appellate Division and a High Court Division.
The Supreme Judicial Council consists of the Chief Justice and the next
two senior Judges of the Supreme Court.
Chief Justice: Justice Syed JR Mudassir Husain
Chief Election Commissioner: M. A. Syed