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The transitional administration is making efforts, under the able leadership of President Hamid Karzai, to rebuild Afghanistan after the ravages of war, long years of infighting among various Mujahidin factions and six years of the reign of terror imposed by the Taliban. The present administration is actively engaged in rebuilding the torn socio-economic fabric of the country.

After two months of delay, the draft of a new Constitution for Afghanistan was unveiled on November 3. It will be discussed at a Constitutional Loya Jirga (December 10). The draft envisages a centralized state system with a strong President able to appoint and dismiss the cabinet and appoint judges and senior military commanders. The President will be elected in direct balloting for a five-year term. The draft also calls for a two House legislature viz., the House of the People and House of Elders. The President appoints one-third of the Upper House members, and half of his appointees must be women.

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