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|Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - Geography|
The irrigation systems were damaged during the war. Only one in Parwan and two in Kandahar are functional.
The climate is arid, gets very little rain. Winters
are very cold, with considerable snowfall which may last the year round
on mountain summits. Kabul, Jan. 27ºF (-2.8ºC), July 76º(24.4º.
Annual rainfall 13 (338 mm).
According to the World Bank Atlas, Afghanistans
carbon dioxide emissions were equivalent of 0.1 tonnes per capita in 1996.
The total forest covered area is 2.1% of the total
land area (3.1% in 1990). Timber production in 1998 was 8.09m. cu.metres.
The greater part of Afghanistan is mountainous but
there are many fertile plains and valleys. Principal crops include grains,
rice, fresh and dried fruits, vegetables, cottonseed and potatoes. The
area under cultivation in 1998 was 91,000 ha. For several years Afghanistans
annual narcotics production has been very high.
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